Bali as known as Bali thousand of temples. That based on Bali has many temples over entire the island. Besakih Temple is the biggest temple and it is well-known as mother temple in Bali. all the Balinese people around Besakih temple to praying and brings the offering called “Banten” that symbolized the Faith of the Balinese people to the God “Ida Shang Hyang Widhi Wasa”. The mother Temple of Besakih in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in the eastern Bali, Indonesia is the most important , the largest and holiest temple that is an extensive complex of 23 separate but related temples with the important being Pura Penataran Agung. This is built on six levels, terraced up the slope. it is the main sanctuary of the complex that symbolic center of the main sanctuary is the lotus throne or padmasana.
The manis buildings in Besakih Temple are the Padma Tiga shrines in Penataran Agung. They consist of three units of Padmasana shrine standing on a single altar and here is Ida Bhatara Turun Kabeh have been held every years.
There are a historical story about series of eruptions of Mount Agung in 1963 , which killed approximately 1,700 people. The lava flows missed the temple complex by mere meters. The saving of the temple is regarded by the Balinese people as miracle and signal from the Gods that they wished to demonstrate their power but not destroy the Temple that become as one as Balinese people heritage. Besakih Temple is not just a place to worship Almighty God, but in the background it has associated with meaning of Mount Agung that the highest mountain in Bali and believed to be the center of Nature island spirits, the nature of the God in this Island.
There are 7 philosophical meaning in Besakih, such as:
- Knowledge systems,
- Live equipment and technology,
- Social organizations,
- Language system,
- religion and Ceremonies,
In Besakih Temple is held the ‘Ida Bhatara Turun Kabeh ceremony every year, Panca Wali Krama every 10 year and Eka Dasa Rudra every one hundred years. There are special and unique ceremony in Besakih Temple, because people who come to this temple no worried the time they to pray to grateful to the Almighty God, it is like on 1 May 2014 at 12.00 in the midnight ( at 00.00) the atmosphere still like in the afternoon. There are so many Balinese people complete with their own traditional pray uniform while bring their family and each offerings. Everyone still look like so happy and be grateful for all the God blessing to use as Balinese people. The Balinese people enthusiastic really amazing and unbelievable to worship the God and enjoy the religious life-style like this. This is make Balinese People so proud them-self as human being and according a guest who come to Besakih Temple in the midnight, They feels more comfortable and relax and also focus when praying in the midnight.